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Update from Gregory Kurtzer on Singularity’s Push into FS and the Enterprise

Update from Gregory Kurtzer on Singularity’s Push into FS and the Enterprise

In the press
HPC and what we call EPC (Enterprise Performance Compute) focused applications require direct integration with the host operating system and underlying hardware. In contrast, services require isolation from each other and from the host’s resources ...
Building Reproducible Science with Singularity Containers

Building Reproducible Science with Singularity Containers

Videos
One of the biggest problems in scientific HPC is ensuring that results are reproducible. That is, the code a scientist runs locally must be able to run identically on any computational resource. Until recently, the ...
nvidia

Docker Compatibility with Singularity for HPC

Articles
A misconception exists that Docker images can only run with Docker runtime and hence can’t be used in HPC. The Singularity runtime addresses the two major gaps, security and MPI, allowing HPC developers to adopt ...
Sylabs Collaborates with Univa on Expanded Support for Singularity

Sylabs Collaborates with Univa on Expanded Support for Singularity

In the press
Chicago, IL – July 31, 2018 – Univa®, a leading innovator in workload management and optimization solutions for high-performance computing (HPC) and enterprise customers, today announced a partnership with Sylabs Inc., a pioneer in secure, ...
Sarek, the portable and reproducible WGS Germline and Somatic analysis workflow powered by Singularity and NextFlow

Sarek, the portable and reproducible WGS Germline and Somatic analysis workflow powered by Singularity and NextFlow

Presentations
• Docker-like container engine • Specific for HPC environnment • Without the root user security problem • Supported by Nextflow • Can pull containers from Docker-hub ...
DevOps. Stacking up to be a Common Theme at ISC18

DevOps. Stacking up to be a Common Theme at ISC18

Articles
Yesterday was a good day to be in Frankfurt. All of the majors in the supercomputing universe descended upon the Messe Frankfurt to begin ISC18 with a series of training seminars. For my morning session, ...
What’s Hot and What’s Not at ISC 2018?

What’s Hot and What’s Not at ISC 2018?

In the press
While Docker has the hearts and minds of the ML/DL researchers, because they typically work on single tenanted, or at least single use, GPU heavy boxes (think DGX systems from NVIDIA) where being root isn’t ...
Done with Singularity: White matter free water content at different stages of Alzheimer’s disease

Done with Singularity: White matter free water content at different stages of Alzheimer’s disease

Papers
We processed MRI data from the ADNIGO and ADNI2 databases with a state-of-the-art processing pipeline that uses T1 weighted (T1w), diffusion weighted (DW), and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) scans to extract FW fractional volume in ...
Singularity: "Docker" for HPC environments

Singularity: “Docker” for HPC environments

Articles
Companies nowadays are under pressure to digitally transform their applications but are constrained by existing applications and infrastructure while rationalizing in a diverse portfolio of clouds, data centers and application architectures. Many different container platforms ...
nvidia

Making Containers Easier with HPC Container Maker

Articles
Containers simplify application deployments in the data centers by wrapping applications into an isolated virtual environment. By including all application dependencies like binaries and libraries, application containers run seamlessly in any data center environment. The ...
SLURM Spank Singularity plugin

SLURM Spank Singularity plugin

3rdparty, Presentations
Provide a simple interface to allow Slurm users to run executables inside a Singularity container using srun. Slurm provides host machine resource/workload management. – Singularity provides the software environment. Integration goal – Manage Singularity container ...
HPC Container Security: Fact, Myth, Rumor, And Kernels

HPC Container Security: Fact, Myth, Rumor, And Kernels

Articles
The obvious need now for many to have to reimage their systems with newer kernel operating code to support any contained workloads that many in our community that thought we would be somewhat isolated from ...
Profiling a Java Application in a Singularity Container with Intel VTune

Profiling a Java Application in a Singularity Container with Intel VTune

How-Tos
From the Intel VTune Amplifier Performance Analysis Cookbook: Intel® VTune™ Amplifier is a performance profiling tool that helps you analyze your code, identify ineffective algorithm and hardware usage, and provide performance tuning advice. This Cookbook ...
[FR] Singularity: les bonnes pratiques

[FR] Singularity: les bonnes pratiques

How-Tos
En dehors de la fabrication de recettes, il n’y a pas encore de bonnes pratiques documentées sur le site de Singularity. Ce qui suit est donc basée sur ma propre expérience. L’utilisateur pourra soit concocter ...
Seminar: Is Singularity-based Container Technology Ready for Running MPI Application on HPC Clouds?

Seminar: Is Singularity-based Container Technology Ready for Running MPI Application on HPC Clouds?

Presentations
Singularity shows near-native performance even when running MPI (HPC) applications • Container-Technology is ready for HPC field! Why do we have to do the “INSTALLATION BATTLE” on Supercomputers ? Because of Complex Library Dependencies ...
Containers Using Singularity on HPC

Containers Using Singularity on HPC

Presentations, Videos
In this talk, we will introduce Singularity, discuss how users of Indiana University are using it and share our experience supporting it. This talk will include a brief demonstration as well.” Abhinav Thota is the ...
Cloud-Readiness and Looking Beyond Application Scaling

Cloud-Readiness and Looking Beyond Application Scaling

Articles
Containerised workflows are increasingly popular in HPC with Singularity leading the charge towards making reproducible user-defined environments the norm. Running in a container makes HPC jobs portable, both between different on-premise systems and between physical ...
Initial Experiences with Deploying Singularity on a Cray XC Supercomputer

Initial Experiences with Deploying Singularity on a Cray XC Supercomputer

Presentations
Download presentation: Initial Experiences with Deploying Singularity on a Cray XC Supercomputer Why Singularity? Singularity is a simple container solution created by LBNL Based on singleton container images Not layered AUFS images or dev-mapper insanity ...
HPC Containers in Use Jonathan Sparks – Cray Inc. - Cray User Group

HPC Containers in Use Jonathan Sparks – Cray Inc. – Cray User Group

Papers
Implementing existing enterprise container solutions in HPC systems will require modifications to the software stack. HPC systems traditionally already have resource management and job scheduling systems in place, so the container runtime environments will need ...
Singularity The Inner Workings of Securely Running User Containers on HPC Systems

FOSDEM 2017: The Inner Workings of Securely Running User Containers on HPC Systems

Videos
This presentation will provide an in-depth look at how Singularity is able to securely run user containers on HPC systems. After a brief introduction to Singularity and its relationship to other container solutions, the details ...
Running an MPI application using Singularity by NSC

Running an MPI application using Singularity by NSC

How-Tos
The overhead of using Singularity should be almost zero. We have tested a very communication-intensive MPI application and seen no performance impact from using Singularity. If you see worse performance than you expected when using ...
Containerizing jobs on the ACCRE cluster with Singularity

Containerizing jobs on the ACCRE cluster with Singularity

Videos
Singularity is a tool that allows containers (including those converted from Docker) to be run within a shared high-performance computing environment. This enables users to control the OS environment (including software libraries) that their jobs ...
Containerizing HPC Applications with Singularity

Containerizing HPC Applications with Singularity

Articles
We will give an introduction to Singularity containers and how they should be used to containerize HPC applications. We run different deep learning frameworks with and without Singularity containers and show that there is no ...
Singularity: Scientific containers for mobility of compute

Singularity: Scientific containers for mobility of compute

Papers
Here we present Singularity, software developed to bring containers and reproducibility to scientific computing. Using Singularity containers, developers can work in reproducible environments of their choosing and design, and these complete environments can easily be ...
The Scientific Filesystem (SCIF)

The Scientific Filesystem (SCIF)

Papers
We use SCIF to evaluate container software, provide metrics, serve scientific workflows, and execute a primary function under different contexts. To encourage collaboration and sharing of applications, we have developed tools along with an open ...
Singularity

Singularity Containers for Reproducible Research

Videos
This webinar was presented by Paul Preney (SHARCNET) on February 14th 2018 as a part of a series of regular biweekly webinars ran by SHARCNET. The webinars cover different high performance computing (HPC) topics, are ...
Sylabs Brings Singularity Containers into Commercial HPC

Sylabs Brings Singularity Containers into Commercial HPC

In the press, Top500.org
Singularity began as an open source project in 2015, when a team of researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, led by Gregory Kurtzer, developed the initial software. Kurtzer, who is now the CEO at Sylabs, ...
Sylabs launches Singularity Pro, a container platform for HPC environments

Sylabs launches Singularity Pro, a container platform for HPC environments

In the press, siliconangle
Startup Sylabs Inc. today announced the commercial release of its open-source Singularity container engine software for high-performance computing. Called Singularity Pro, the platform has been optimized specifically for running software containers on HPC infrastructure, or ...
Sylabs launches Singularity Pro, a container platform for high-performance computing

Sylabs launches Singularity Pro, a container platform for high-performance computing

In the press, techcrunch
Sylabs, the commercial company behind the open source Singularity container engine, announced its first commercial product today, Singularity Pro ...
Sylabs Brings Singularity Container Platform to Enterprises

Sylabs Brings Singularity Container Platform to Enterprises

In the press, SDX Central
Sylabs is bringing to market a new option for enterprises to integrate a container architecture into their cloud operations. Those efforts are based on the Linux-based Singularity container platform, which was developed in late 2015 ...
Sylabs Emerges from Stealth to Bring Singularity Container Technology to Enterprise Performance Computing

Sylabs Emerges from Stealth to Bring Singularity Container Technology to Enterprise Performance Computing

GlobeNewswire, In the press
Sylabs today entered the market to provide solutions and services based on Singularity, an open source container technology designed for high performance computing (HPC). Founded by the inventor and project lead for Singularity, Sylabs will ...
It’s launch day for Sylabs: Promoting portable high-performance containers for Linux

It’s launch day for Sylabs: Promoting portable high-performance containers for Linux

In the press, NetworkWorld
While already the container platform of choice in academia and HPC centers, Singularity's features will prove increasingly valuable in areas such as machine learning and data science — data-intensive applications that require high-performance resources. And ...
Singularity HPC Container Start-Up Sylabs Emerges from Stealth

Singularity HPC Container Start-Up Sylabs Emerges from Stealth

hpcwire, In the press
The driving force behind Singularity, the popular HPC container technology, is bringing the open source platform to the enterprise with the launch of a new venture, Sylabs Inc., which emerged this week from stealth mode ...
Sylabs Arrives to Advance High-Performance Computing Container Adoption

Sylabs Arrives to Advance High-Performance Computing Container Adoption

Container Journal, In the press
Sylabs is coming into being at the time when many enterprise IT organizations are just starting to employ GPUs to drive advanced analytics applications infused with AI. Most of the algorithms being employed have been ...
Singularity HPC Container Start-Up – Sylabs – Emerges from Stealth

Singularity HPC Container Start-Up – Sylabs – Emerges from Stealth

In the press, Linux.com
Sylabs CEO Gregory Kurtzer, who founded the Singularity project along with other open source efforts, said his startup would bring the horsepower of Singularity containers to a broader set of users. Kurtzer said the launch ...
IEEE Utility and Cloud Computing 2017 Conference: Is Singularity-based Container Technology Ready for Running MPI Applications on HPC Clouds?

IEEE Utility and Cloud Computing 2017 Conference: Is Singularity-based Container Technology Ready for Running MPI Applications on HPC Clouds?

Abstract, Link, Presentations
From the Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computin The Message Passing Interface (MPI) standard has become the de facto programming model for parallel computing with the last 25-year continuous community ...
Singularity Containers Containers for HPC, analytics, machine learning, reproducible and trusted computing

Singularity Containers Containers for HPC, analytics, machine learning, reproducible and trusted computing

Presentations
Presented by David Godlove at MAGIC meeting on February 7, 2018 HPC COMPATIBLE SECURITY MODEL • Base security assumption: Untrusted users running untrusted containers • Limit user’s potential security contexts: We can not allow users ...
Building Reproducible Science with Singularity Containers

Building Reproducible Science with Singularity Containers

Articles
One of the biggest problems in scientific HPC is ensuring that results are reproducible. That is, the code a scientist runs locally must be able to run identically on any computational resource. Until recently, the ...
Berkeley Lab’s Open-Source Spinoff Serves Science

Berkeley Lab’s Open-Source Spinoff Serves Science

Berkeley Lab, In the press
Containerization was developed for enterprise environments, where it has become very popular, especially with the rise of Docker’s container technology. “Docker’s container solution is for the enterprise. But the scientific use case is quite different,” ...
A Tale of Two Systems: Using Containers to Deploy HPC Applications on Supercomputers and Clouds by Sandia National Laboratories

A Tale of Two Systems: Using Containers to Deploy HPC Applications on Supercomputers and Clouds by Sandia National Laboratories

Papers
Andrew J. Younge, Kevin Pedretti, Ryan E. Grant, Ron Brightwell Center for Computing Research Sandia National Laboratories Our results indicate that Singularity containers operate at native performance when dynamically linking Cray's MPI libraries on a ...
A Review of MongoDB and Singularity Container Security in regards to HIPAA Regulations

A Review of MongoDB and Singularity Container Security in regards to HIPAA Regulations

Papers
Nowadays Linux Containers which have operating system level virtualization, are very popular over virtual machines (VMs) which have hypervisor or kernel level virtualization in high performance computing (HPC) due to reasons, such as high portability, ...
Singularity: Containers for High-Performance Computing by Grigory Shamov

Singularity: Containers for High-Performance Computing by Grigory Shamov

Presentations
HPC usage model / architecture • Bare-metal performance, fast interconnect • Clusters, under control of Resource Manager/ Scheduler • Scalable, Parallel POSIX FileSystems (Lustre, GPFS, etc.) • Centralized HPC software stack • “Untrusted” users directly access the system; flat UID ...
HPC containers with Azure Batch

HPC containers with Azure Batch

Articles
We're excited to announce support for Singularity containers in the latest Batch Shipyard release. Singularity is a container solution amenable to both administrators and users of shared HPC and cluster computing environments, while still providing ...
SC 2017 in Denver: Singularity HPC container for Supercomputing

SC 2017 in Denver: Singularity HPC container for Supercomputing

Videos
The Singularity software can import your Docker images without having Docker installed or being a superuser. Need to share your code? Put it in a Singularity container and your collaborator won’t have to go through ...
SC17: Singularity Preps Version 3.0, Nears 1M Containers Served Daily

SC17: Singularity Preps Version 3.0, Nears 1M Containers Served Daily

hpcwire, In the press
Just a few months ago about half a million jobs were being run daily using Singularity containers, the LBNL-founded container platform intended for HPC. That was already a big number for the young open source ...
Singularity Registry: Open Source Registry for Singularity Images

Singularity Registry: Open Source Registry for Singularity Images

Papers
Singularity Registry (sregistry) (Sochat, n.d.) was developed to empower an institution or individual to build at scale, and push images that can be private or public to their own hosted registry. It is the first ...
HPC Containers with Singularity

HPC Containers with Singularity

Papers
The new container technology Singularity focuses on the compute portability, this work covers the creation of portable containers using multiple resources, and showing how simple is to deploy a complex MPI+CUDA+Infiniband seismic application across multiple ...
Performance Evaluation of Container-based Virtualization for High Performance Computing Environments

Performance Evaluation of Container-based Virtualization for High Performance Computing Environments

Papers
Virtualization technologies have evolved along with the development of computational environments since virtualization offered needed features at that time such as isolation, accountability, resource allocation, resource fair sharing and so on. Novel processor technologies bring ...
Singularity: A Container System for HPC Applications (from “Cloud Computing for Science Engineering”)

Singularity: A Container System for HPC Applications (from “Cloud Computing for Science Engineering”)

Articles
From Chapter 6 of “Cloud Computing for Science and Engineering”, MIT Press 2017 Singularity containers differ from Docker containers in several important ways, including the handling of namespaces, user privileges, and the images themselves. For ...
Proceedings of PEARC2017 in New Orleans, LA, USA: Performance Analysis of Applications using Singularity Container on SDSC Comet

Proceedings of PEARC2017 in New Orleans, LA, USA: Performance Analysis of Applications using Singularity Container on SDSC Comet

Articles
Multiple nodes of the Comet supercomputer at the San Diego Supercomputer Center were used to analyse and compare (between Singularity and non-Singularity) performance of resource intensive applications of benchmark codes such as NEURON (a computational ...
Comparison of Different Linux Containers

Comparison of Different Linux Containers

Papers
The new generation of virtualization is containerization. In this paper we measured the most common container techniques to determinate the performance of these techniques regarding computing power and network performance with industry standard measurement applications ...
Guidelines for pipeline interoperability using containers

Guidelines for pipeline interoperability using containers

Papers
Download Guidelines for pipeline interoperability using containers In this project, we used Singularity, which is an HPC friendly container technology . Singularity also has a high degree of compatibility with Docker (one of the most ...
An introduction to Singularity by Michael Bauer

An introduction to Singularity by Michael Bauer

Videos
Michael Bauer provides an introduction into the HPC container runtime Singularity.Michael Bauer provides an introduction into the HPC container runtime Singularity ...
Singularity on the OSG

Singularity on the OSG

Articles
The adoption of Singularity across the OSG sites is still in the first stages, but there is considerable interest and momentum in that direction. Stay tuned for more updates about the FIFE support for running ...
Guest post: Windows Apps under Linux using Singularity

Guest post: Windows Apps under Linux using Singularity

How-Tos
Recently I've found several reasons why Windows containers fit in nicely in our Linux-dominated environments: You actually do have a scientific application which is exclusively available for windows How about installing and running MS Office ...
Howto use Host libraries: GPU drivers and OpenMPI BTLs

Howto use Host libraries: GPU drivers and OpenMPI BTLs

How-Tos
Note: Much of the GPU portion of this tutorial is deprecated by the --nv option that automatically binds host system driver libraries into your container at runtime. See the exec command for an example Singularity ...
HPC Workflows Using Containers

HPC workflows using containers

Video, Videos
the use of specialized hardware like Cray Aries interconnect and NVIDIA Tesla P100 GPU accelerators ...
GPU-accelerated HPC Containers with Singularity

GPU-accelerated HPC Containers with Singularity

Articles
Fighting with application installations is frustrating and time consuming. It’s not what domain experts should be spending their time on. And yet, every time users move their project to a new system, they have to ...
Singularity Containers for HPC, Reproducibility, and Mobility

Singularity Containers for HPC, Reproducibility, and Mobility

Articles
At the recent Intel HPC Developer Conference, Gregory Kurtzer (Singularity project lead and LBNL staff member) and Krishna Muriki (Computer Systems Engineer at LBNL) provided a beginning and advanced tutorial on Singularity. One of Kurtzer’s ...
Singularity in CMS “Over a million containers served” at CERN

Singularity in CMS “Over a million containers served” at CERN

Presentations
Over 2 million OSG VO jobs have been run in containers! Young rollout: up to 350k containers / day. Started at 1k containers / day in early February. Many miles yet to run, but appears ...
[FR] Singularity, un conteneur pour le Calcul Haute Performance

[FR] Singularity, un conteneur pour le Calcul Haute Performance

Papers
Le calcul haute performance ou HPC pour High-Performance Computing (en anglais) utilise des « grappes de serveurs » pour désigner des techniques consistant à regrouper plusieurs ordinateurs indépendantes appelés « noeuds » (node en anglais).L’onjectif ...
Singularity and HPC on SUSE

Singularity and HPC on SUSE

Videos
Singularity uses namespaces differently from other containers because its goal is application portability and not host virtualization, which is ideal for HPC ...
Singularity on POD by Penguin Computing

Singularity on POD by Penguin Computing

How-Tos
To use Singularity on POD one needs to either create a Singularity container or use one provided by someone else.  To build a container, one needs root access on the build system so one cannot ...
R and Singularity

R and Singularity

Articles, How-Tos
I believe the idiosyncrasies of most HPC technologies represent the major road block to their adoption (in any language or system). HPC technologies are often difficult to set up, use, and manage. They often rely ...
Singularity: Containers in HPC

Singularity: Containers in HPC

Articles
Singularity: The Inner Workings of Securely Running User Containers on HPC Systems This presentation will provide an in-depth look at how Singularity is able to securely run user containers on HPC systems. After a brief ...
Containers for Science, Reproducibility and Mobility

Containers for Science, Reproducibility and Mobility

Presentations, Videos
Intel HPC Developer Conference Containers for Science, Reproducibility and Mobility Video: Slides: https://www.intel.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/presentation/hpc-containers-singularity-advanced.pdf ...
Singularity on SGC4 at Stanford

Singularity on SGC4 at Stanford

Presentations
Science is founded on reproducibility of work Different environments require mobility of compute Running a thing many times -> scalability Please, let's not go to isolation / dependency hell ...
Singularity on OpenMind at MIT

Singularity on OpenMind at MIT

Presentations
We want containers VMs are too heavy Docker is not allowed Enter Singularity Singularity was built for HPC, to support containerized environments, and to support reproducible science ...
Singularity on the Open Science Grid

Singularity on the Open Science Grid

How-Tos
Singularity is a container platform designed for use on computational resources. Several sites have deployed Singularity for their users and the OSG. In this post, I will provided a tutorial on how to use singularity ...
New Site Compares Docker, Singularity, Shifter, and Univa Grid Engine Container Edition

New Site Compares Docker, Singularity, Shifter, and Univa Grid Engine Container Edition

Articles
A new site developed by Tin H compares the HPC virtualization capabilities of Docker, Singularity, Shifter, and Univa Grid Engine Container Edition. New Site Compares Docker, Singularity, Shifter, and Univa Grid Engine Container Edition ...
Getting Started with Singularity and Singularity Hub

Getting Started with Singularity and Singularity Hub

How-Tos
So you want to put your scientific analysis in a nice package and run it on a cluster? You’ve probably heard of the container technology called Docker? ...too bad you can’t use it on your ...
More fun with containers in HPC at NextFlow.io

More fun with containers in HPC at NextFlow.io

Articles
In our evaluation Singularity proved to be an easy to install, stable and performant container engine. The only minor drawback, we found when compared to Docker, was the need to define the host path mount ...
Howto build CentOS image using Singularity 2.2

Howto build CentOS image using Singularity 2.2

How-Tos
NOTE: this tutorial is intended for Singularity release 2.2, and reflects standards for that version. The Problem In theory, an Ubuntu host can create/bootstrap a CentOS image by installing the yum package, which is a ...
Docker vs Singularity vs Shifter in an HPC environment

Docker vs Singularity vs Shifter in an HPC environment

Articles
Here is a comparison of HPCS Singularity vs NeRSC Shifter. They both bring the benefits of container to the HPC world. As such, both provide very similar features. The subtleties are in their implementation approach ...
Howto build Singularity on Debian

Howto build Singularity on Debian

How-Tos
This tutorial is generated courtesy of Karl Kornel from Stanford Research Computing. The ascii art is amazing, if you don't care to build Singularity on Debian please scroll down to appreciate it in it's entirety ...
Singularity Featured on RCE Podcast

Singularity Featured on RCE Podcast

Videos
The RCE podcast does a special on Singularity Brock Palen and Jeff Squyres speak with Gregory Kurtzer about Singularity a container solution for HPC and research environments. Singularity allows a non-privileged user to "swap out" ...
Howto build an Ubuntu image using Singularity on a RHEL compatible host

Howto build an Ubuntu image using Singularity on a RHEL compatible host

How-Tos
This recipe describes how to build an Ubuntu image using Singularity on a RHEL compatible host. NOTE: this tutorial is intended for Singularity release 2.1.2, and reflects standards for that version. In order to do ...
Running an MPI application using Singularity

Running an MPI application using Singularity

Articles
On the Singularity website you can find some notes on using OpenMPI to run MPI applications. However, there's very little information available on using IntelMPI (which is the MPI that NSC recommends for most applications) ...
A Container for HPC

A Container for HPC

Articles
Working with containers in high-performance computing can be difficult; a new container named Singularity comes to the rescue by Jess Layton http://www.admin-magazine.com/HPC/Articles/Singularity-A-Container-for-HPC ...
R Systems Adds Support for Singularity Application Containers

R Systems Adds Support for Singularity Application Containers

Articles
Containers allow for service and application portability to external or internal resources that would otherwise have to tailor the environment to the application, or vice versa. Security concerns for container systems generally lead to containers ...
Singularity Hangout at the Docker Workshop @ISC2016

ISC 2016: Linux Container Workshop, Singularity Q&A

Videos
This was a Q&A hosted at the International Super Computing conference after a Linux Container Workshop hosted by Christian Kniep ...
Custom App Container Targets HPC Needs

Custom App Container Targets HPC Needs

enterprisetech, In the press
Security has been an ongoing concern as container technology ramps up to handle enterprise workloads. Security concerns in HPC settings were "greatly mitigated," developers noted, by running Singularity containers "100 percent from user space" so ...
Custom App Container Targets HPC Needs

Custom App Container Targets HPC Needs

Articles
The Energy Department lab that is also part of the University of California system developed the open source Singularity approach to address HPC requirements for distributing applications. “With Singularity you can build executable containers based ...